Unit 4

Area of study 1: Heredity

  • Cell cycle
  • DNA replication
  • Binary fission
  • Mitosis
  • Meiosis
    •  Implications of errors in meiosis
  • The structure of a gene
  • Structure of chromosomes
  • Gene expression
    • Transcription
    • Post modification transcription
    • Translation
  • Gene regulation
  • DNA tools and techniques
    • Gel electrophoresis
    • DNA amplification
    • DNA sequencing
    • Recombinant plasmids
    • Bacterial transformation
    • DNA profiling
    • Gene cloning
  • Inheritance
    • Principles of genetics
    • Analyzing variation
    • Mutation
    • Polygenic inheritance
    • Environmental affects on genotypes
    • Continuous variation
    • Discontinuous variation
    • Patterns of inheritance
    • Punnet squares
    • Special crosses
  • Linked genes
  • Independent assortment
  • Pedigree analysis

Area of study 2: Change over time

  • Changing alleles in the population
    • Gene flow
    • Genetic drift
    • Natural selection
  • Evidence of biological evolution
    • Geological time scale
    • Relative dating
    • Absolute dating
    • Biogeography
    • Comparative morphology
    • Biochemical evidence for evolutionary relationships
  • Phylogeny
  • Patterns of biology change
  • Human evolution
  • Human intervention in evolutionary process
    • Stem cell differentiation
    • Genetic screening
    • Gene therapy
    • Artificial selection
    • Gene cloning