The life of a cell can be represented by the cell cycle. The cell cycle consists of various phases these include G1, S, G2, M and cytokinesis stages. The cell cycle is described as being a “cycle” on the basis that there is no beginning or ending, and cells are continually entering and exiting at various phases of the cycle.
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Interphase is the broad term used to the phases that occur prior to the M phase, and hence comprises of the G1, S and G2 phases. Interphase occurs prior to mitosis and is where the cell spends most of it’s life.
The phase is the part of the cycle where mitosis or meiosis occurs.
This is the step preceding nuclear division and refers to the physical division of the cell’s cytoplasm to form distinct cells.
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Newly produced cells have the option to continue growing and reproducing again. Alternatively, after leaving the cell cycle they may differentiate and specialise forming specific functions within the organism that goes on to age and die.
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