Leading is the process of influencing staff to work towards the achievement of the organisation’s objectives. The key management role of leading in particular involves the use of the skills of Communication, Negotiation and Motivation. Effective leadership involves and uses the personal attributes of the managers such as self-discipline and respect for others.
For a manager to act as an effective leader, it is necessary that they have some power to influence the employees.
Power can be in the form of:
A transactional leader tend to provide staff with rewards in return for compliance and acceptance of authority. Possible incentives provided include pay rises, which are given based on whether or not the performance goals of the organisation were met by the employees.
A transformational leader is more commonly seen today. This type of leader involves inspiring staff with the Vision of the organisation, to ensure they are committed to achieving the organisation’s objectives. They tend to consider each employee of the organisation as an individual rather than a collective group, whilst also providing opportunities for team members to exercise their own judgments on decisions. To be an effective Transformational Leader it is necessary to display these skills:
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