- This is a type of saturated hydrocarbon – Have their carbons connected by single bonds only.
- They have the general formula: C(n)H(2n+2). Where ‘n’ = number of carbon atoms.
- When named alkanes have the suffix ending of –ane
- Given their saturated nature, alkanes are not reactive
- Common alkanes = crude oil and natural gas
- These hydrocarbons are unsaturated – have at least one double carbon-carbon bond
- Because of their unsaturated nature – they are more reactive than alkanes
- Have the general formula: CnH2n
- Can react with hydrogen () to form alkanes → site of reaction occurs where double bond lies
- When named alkenes have the suffix ending of –ene
- Q’s: Why don’t alkenes with 1 carbon exist?
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