- Occurs with alkenes
- Reactions involve the breaking of the double C-C bond in alkenes
- Substances such as , , , HCl, HBr and HI can undergo addition reaction with alkenes.
- An alcohol can be produced by an addition reaction between alkene and water in the presence of a catalyst (phosphoric acid).
- Involves alkanes
- One or more hydrogen atoms in the alkane are replaced by a different atom or functional group.
- Breaking the C-H bond and making a new bond with another atom/functional group.
- In this context, alcohols can under oxidation reaction to produce carboxylic acids
- The reaction between alcohol to produce carboxylic acids involves other substances such as permanganate and/or dichromate.
- Only primary alcohols can undergo oxidation to produce carboxylic acids.
- Reaction that produces an ester
- Reaction between a carboxylic acid and alcohol
- Make sure that you are familiar with this type of reaction
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