Text types

Novels, plays & non-fiction texts

Top tips

  • Use the whole of the text, and its core themes, to construct your argument.
  • Bring in side characters as well as main characters to add complexity.
  • Be aware of how the writer constructs the text
    • Narration style
    • Chronology
    • Stage directions
    • Narrative perspective
    • Metaphors
    • Similes
    • Imagery
    • Foreshadowing
    • Setting
    • Symbols
  • Do not stray outside the text

2016 Novels

Adiga, Aravind, The White Tiger

Brontë, Emily, Wuthering Heights

Kent, Hannah, Burial Rites

Matar, Hisham, In The Country of Men

Shelley, Mary, Frankenstein

Tóibín, Colm, Brooklyn

Winton, Tim, Cloudstreet

Witting, Amy, I for Isobel

2016 Plays

Davis, Jack, No Sugar

Euripides, ‘Medea’, in Medea and Other Plays

Shakespeare, William, Measure for Measure

2016 Non-fiction texts

Funder, Anna, Stasiland

Wolff, Tobias, This Boy’s Life


2016 Graphic Novel

Spiegelman, Art, The Complete Maus


Short stories & poetry

  • Make choices based on relevance to the topic question, not simply your favourite passages or stories
  • Know several poems or stories in detail so you can respond to unexpected topics
  • Make observations about the form of the collection and how this contributes to the text’s meaning


2016 Short stories & poetry

Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi, The Thing Around Your Neck

Donne, John, Selected Poems

Harwood, Gwen, Selected Poems

MacLeod, Alastair, Collected Stories

2016 Multimodal texts

Mankiewicz, Joseph (director), All About Eve

Perkins, Rachel (director), Mabo