The general equation for a straight line in its gradient form is:
where m = the gradient of the line
c = a constant
If we let x = 0, then it is found that y = c. Therefore c is equal to the y-intercept.
Sketch the graph of the equation y = 2x + 3.
Firstly, c = 3 and therefore the y-intercept is at the point (0, 3).
To find the x-intercept, let y = 0. The x-intercept is therefore at (-3/2, 0).
Plot both of these points and join them to create the line.
Another way to express a linear relation is in the form:
where a, b, and c are all constants
This is referred to as the intercept form as it is convenient in determining the x and y intercepts.
Sketch the graph 8x + 11y = 88.
When x = 0, y = 8. Therefore the y-intercept is at (0, 8).
When y = 0, x = 11. Therefore the x-intercept is at (11, 0).
The gradient, m, of the line can be rearranged using a general point (x, y) on the same line
This form is most convenient when determining the equation of a straight line.
When two points of a line are found, they can be substituted into the gradient formula in order to find the slope, m. After that, the re-arranged gradient formula can be used for convenience.
Find the equation of the straight line passing through the points (6, 4) and (2, -4).
The gradient must first be found:
This value, as well as any of the given points can be substituted into the formula:
Using the same re-arranged formula, the equation can be quickly deduced.
Find the equation of the line that passes through the point (2,5) and has a gradient of -3.
In a graph, the value of c reads as the y-intercept. m is the gradient and can be calculated using two points on the line. The equation can therefore be written in the form y = mx + c
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