The more developed a country is, the higher their GDP and standard of living. Here are some characteristics of developing and developed countries.
|Industry and trade||Weak||Strong|
|Infrastructure, technology and finance systems||Weak||Strong|
|Infant, under-five and adult mortality rates||High||Low|
The UN classifies nations into mortality strata from A to E, in an attempt to suggest the level of development for each state. The five strata are based on mortality rates of children under five and adult males aged 15-59:
|Strata||Child mortality||Adult mortality|
|A||very low||very low|
For the full list of UN member states by stratum, click here.
There are a variety of differences in determinants experienced by people in developing vs developed countries, which leads to differences in mortality, morbidity, LE, and human development. The following table represents the general differences in these areas between developing and developed nations.
|Mortality||generally lower, attributable mainly to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as CVD, diabetes, obesity||generally higher, attributable to communicable, treatable, preventable conditions|
|Morbidity||higher proportion is attributed to NCDs||higher proportion attributable to communicable diseases|
|Life Expectancy||generally higher 60-70+||generally lower <50-60|
|HDI||generally higher, Australia has one of the highest||often lower, due to poorer health or social inequities or barriers|
See impact of factors on health status article for reasons why these differences exist.
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