The problems which were evident under the Articles of Confederation lead to calls for a new Constitution to be drafted. A meeting at Annapolis, Maryland of 12 delegates from five states (New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia) called for a constitutional convention. It was oorganised by Edmund Randolph and James Madison of Virginia. The formal title of the meeting was a ‘Meeting of Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the Federal Government’. These defects were related to barriers that limited trade or commerce between the largely independent states under the Articles of Confederation. However, there were not enough states represented to make any substantial agreement. The Annapolis Convention produced a report which was sent to Congress and to the states requesting the holding of a broader meeting to be held in Philadelphia. It was hoped that more states would be represented and that their delegates or deputies would be authorized to examine other areas such as the problems caused by the Articles of Confederation. The direct result of the Convention was the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.
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