1905 Revolution

The 1905 Revolution was brought about due to widespread discontent and a variety of economic, social and political factors. Events such as Bloody Sunday, poor economic conditions (through the firing of workers) and Russo-Japanese War acted as the catalyst for revolution. The social problems, through lack of housing and food, were due to too many people in cities due to Land Reforms in 1890s. In addition to this recession in 1890s and the Russo-Japanese war funding crippled the economy. This led to widespread strikes and saw the formation of the Petrograd Soviet formed which was headed by Leon Trotsky. This widespread striking and industrial action saw both the industries of Moscow and St Petersburg grind to a halt by October 14, 1905. This forced the Tsar into a position where he needed to act. Facing the potential collapse of his regime, the Tsar was forced to make concessions. Count Sergei Witte gave sme solutions to allow significant reform and bring about peace. This was through allowing the people to elect members of government, removing severe repression and instead allowing a policy of sincerity and freedom. These hopes of Witte were formatted through the October Manifesto.