The Civil War (1918-1921) was a horrific period of time for the Russian population. 500 000 Russians died in battle and another estimated 10 000 000 Russians through starvation. The Russian economy was devastated by the war. Infrastructure was harmed through the destruction of factories and bridges, flooded mines and damaged machinery. In addition cattle and raw materials were pillaged due to shortages and widespread starvation. The industrial production of Russia descended to one seventh of the amount of 1913, while agriculture to one third. Although Lenin gave peace from the Great War through the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the Civil War reinstated conflict which the population was so vehemently against. The Civil War showed that Lenin would maintain power of Russia through any possible means.
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