Constitution of Australia


The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (UK), referred to simply as the “Constitution”, is the piece of legislation establishing the structure, operation and powers of the legislature, Commonwealth Parliament. Additionally, it establishes the executive and the judiciary. The Constitution received Royal Assent on 9 July 1900 and commenced on 1 January 1901, officially uniting the separate British colonies into one, federated, Australia.1

See also:


The Courts

Referendum process

High Court interpretation of the Commonwealth Constitution

Referral of powers

Constitutional protection of rights

Division of Law-Making Powers 

Restrictions on the law-making powers of the state and Commonwealth parliaments 

  1. Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (UK)