Each criminal sanction specifically targets some, but arguably not others, of the four general purposes of criminal sanctions.
|Retribution||Offenders are punished because they must forfeit a monetary sum.Deterrence: offenders may be dissuaded from re-offending due to the threat of paying more money.|
|Denunciation||Putting a monetary value on crime shows that it is the wrong way to act.|
|Retribution||CCOs require offenders to complete work without any financial reward|
|Deterrence||The work required in a CCO may deter an offender from re-offending.|
|Rehabilitation||Compulsory community work and education programs aim to help the offender to become a valuable member of society, and to change their mindset so that he or she will not want to re-offend.|
|Retribution||Home detention restricts the physical freedom of the offender.|
|Deterrence||The confinement of home detention may dissuade the offender and the general public from committing crime.|
|Protection||The offender is closely. monitored and can only join society in certain, specific circumstances.|
|Retribution||Restriction of an offender’s liberty is a form of punishment.|
|Deterrence||Imprisonment aims to dissuade the offender and the general public from committing crimes, due to the undesirability of restricted freedom and the prison environment. However, rates of recidivism (re-offending) remain high, so it is questionable as to whether imprisonment achieves this aim.|
|Rehabilitation||Some rehabilitation programs operate in prisons, aiming to turn prisoners into capable contributors to society. However, given that imprisonment is primarily a punishment, some argue that it is difficult to effectively rehabilitate prisoners.|
|Protection||By physically confining an offender, the public is protected.|
|Denunciation||Restriction of liberty sends a clear message that criminal behaviour is not tolerated.|
General purposes of criminal sanctions
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