Sleep laboratories

The use of sleep laboratories is one of many methods used to study alertness and sleep.

Research into sleep in sleep laboratories often combines numerous tools of measurement; the participant is connected to physiological measurements (EEG, EMG, EOG etc.), may be watched on a screen throughout the night, and may be subject to self-report methods following the testing period.


  • Numerous testing methods can be used simultaneously to achieve a more comprehensive result
  • The research is non-intrusive (in terms of home setting)
  • The environment of the research can be controlled


  • As the environment is controlled and ‘artificial,’ results may differ from regular behaviour
  • Being connected to numerous testing methods may disturb some individuals
  • As part of the research, individuals may need to be woken during the testing period