Consolidation theory

The consolidation theory is part of the mechanism of memory formation.

The consolidation theory is the process in which memories are strengthened over time to the point that they become almost permanent are stored in long-term memory. The hippocampus plays a large part in the consolidation theory.

During consolidation, a physical change occurs which sees information from short-term memory transferred into long-term memory.

The consolidation must occur with no disruption or distraction, otherwise we may become confused and the information will not be consolidated.

There must be at least thirty minutes of memory transfer until the memory becomes consolidated.

Without these three factors – physical change, no disruption and time – consolidation is highly unlikely to occur.